Parent’s leave is time off work so that you can care for your child during their first two years. Parent's leave is different to parental leave (parental leave must end when your child reaches age 13).
From 1 April 2021, the current entitlement for parent's leave is 5 weeks leave. Employees who had taken two weeks’ parent’s leave prior to the enactment of the 2021 Act will now have an entitlement to an additional 3 weeks.
Your child must have been born or adopted on or after 1st November 2019 for you to qualify for the leave. Parent’s leave must be taken within 2 years of the birth or adoptive placement of your child. An employee is entitled to a total of 5 weeks including for multiple births or if adopting 2 or more children at the same time.
You will not be paid your salary from the HSE while you are on parent's leave, but you can apply for parent's benefit from the Department of Social Protection (DSP).The entitlement to parent’s benefit has been extended to 5 weeks also. Read more about the conditions of Parent’s benefit set out by the Department of Social Protection
Only you can take your 5 weeks entitlement. You can't pass it on to your partner or to someone else caring for your baby.
Taking parent's leave does not affect your other leave entitlements, for example, maternity, adoptive, paternity and parental leave.
Entitlement to parent's leave - relevant parent
An employee must be a relevant parent to take parent’s leave. An employee’s entitlement is conditional on the parent’s leave being used to provide or assist in the provision of, care to the child.
A relevant parent is one of the following:
In the case of adoption
- the qualifying adopter of the child, and
- the spouse, civil partner or cohabitant, as the case may be, of the qualifying adopter of the child
In any other case
- a parent of the child
- spouse, civil partner or cohabitant of the parent of the child
- a parent of a donor-conceived child
When you can take parent's leave
If you want to use your parent's leave you must do so within 2 years of:
- your child's birth
- the placement with you of the child you are adopting
How the leave can be taken
You can take your leave as:
- a continuous period of 5 weeks, or
- separate periods of not less than 1 week
If you are taking maternity or adoptive leave, you must take this before parent’s leave.
Employees who are entitled to paternity leave and parent’s leave can take these leave entitlements in whichever order they wish subject to the relevant time limits.
Payment of parent’s benefit
You will not be paid your salary from the HSE while you are on parent's leave. But you may be entitled to parent's benefit if you have paid enough PRSI contributions.
Payment is made by the Department of Social Protection (DSP)
Employees applying for parent’s benefit must declare the leave dates are approved.
DSP may contact the employer for confirmation of the parent’s leave dates.
Fixed-term or specified purpose contracts
You can take parent's leave if you are on a fixed-term or specified purpose contract. Your contract remains the same and will end on the agreed date.
Your entitlement to parent's leave ceases when your contract of employment ends.
Parent’s leave and early confinement (childbirth)
Early confinement is 4 weeks or more before the expected date of childbirth.
The relevant parent must submit notification within 7 days of the birth.
Changing the start date of parent’s leave
You can select another date for when your parent's leave starts if:
- your adoption date is postponed not later than 2 years from the day of placement, or
- in any other case, not later than the day on which the child attains the age of 2 years.
Postponing parent's leave
Parent’s leave may be postponed by the employee or employee in certain circumstances.
Postponement of parent’s leave by your employer
Parent’s leave may be postponed once by an employer. This can happen where the leave would have a substantial adverse effect on the service.
- seasonal variations in the volume of work
- unavailability of a person to carry out the duties of the employee taking parent’s leave
- the nature of the employee’s duties
- the number of employees taking parent’s leave at the same time
Your manager will inform you of the reason for the postponement in advance. You will be given written notice of postponement at least 4 weeks before the leave is due to start. The postponement of leave will not be more than 12 weeks from the start date you had requested. Your manager will engage with you regarding a new date.
Postponement of parent’s leave when a child is hospitalised
If your child is hospitalised, you may submit a request in writing (email or letter) to postpone the leave, or part of the leave.
If the postponement is agreed:
- you must continue to work, or return to work on an agreed date
- the postponed leave must be taken within 7 days of your child being discharged from hospital
Entitlement to parent’s leave on death of child or parent
If your child dies it will not affect your entitlement to parent's leave if it's within the time frame and you qualify as a relevant parent.
If a parent dies, a surviving parent may take the transferred leave after the end of their own parent’s leave.
Protection of employment rights while on parent’s leave
Your employment rights are protected while you are on parent's leave. The only exception to this is your right to payment and superannuation.
You will still have the same annual leave and entitlement to public holidays.
Absences while on parent’s leave cannot be treated as part of any other leave, for example, sick leave and annual leave.
You are entitled to return to work in your normal job under the same terms and conditions.
Employers can't penalise you or threaten you with penalisation for proposing to exercise or having exercised his or her entitlement to parent’s leave.
If you are on probation
Employees on probation who take parent’s leave may have their probation suspended. The probation period will continue when you return to work.
How to apply for parent's leave
You must let your manager know at least 6 weeks before you intend to take parent's leave.
Complete the Parent's leave application form (HR108T) (PDF, 200KB, 3 pages) and give it to your manager.
You will need to let your manager know:
- the date you expect to start your parent’s leave
- duration of the leave
- how you wish to take the leave (5 consecutive or separate periods of a minimum of one week )
What you need to apply
Birth of a child
- a copy of the medical certification as provided by the mother to her employer or other appropriate certificate, from a registered medical practitioner confirming the pregnancy and specifying the expected date of birth of the child concerned, or
- a copy of the birth certificate (if you are giving notice after the birth)
A copy of the placement certificate. This is used where notification is given after the day of placement.
If you adopt a child from another country you must provide a declaration of suitability. This must be provided before the day of placement. A copy of the placement certificate must be provided after the placement takes place.